Land is the most essential natural resource, providing a habitat for a variety of plants and animals. Natural resources are mainly derived from the environment, with some used for our survival, such as water and air, and others, such as coal, gas and oil, used to meet our daily needs. As the world population rapidly approaches 8 billion, the issue of resource management becomes increasingly important. Developing countries are making progress in industrialization, increasing their need for resources.
Some resources are naturally depleted without human interference, such as uranium, while metallic minerals can be reused through recycling. Coal and oil cannot be recycled and take millions of years to be replenished once they are fully used. The 10 main natural resources in the world are in danger due to current demands imposed on them. Conservationism can help manage these resources so that they do not disappear.
Water treatment plants are being built to address the issue of fresh water reserves decreasing due to climate change. Aquatic farming technology is also being explored in arid countries. Clean air is necessary for life to exist on this planet and is essential for the existence of plants, animals and wildlife. Reducing air pollution is important as polluted air degrades the environment and can enter our bodies, causing health problems.
Coal can last less than 200 more years due to increased demand from countries like China. It is also the main source of air pollutants in the world, so there is much debate about its regulation. Oil supplies are estimated to last another 30 to 40 years, but geologists project that it would be impossible for Earth to have an unlimited supply of oil. Natural gas reserves only perform slightly better than oil reserves; it is estimated that there are enough for 60 years.
Phosphorus comes from phosphate rock and is used for growing food and crops; however, it is only found in three places on Earth with a projected lifespan of 100 years. Bauxite forms as rocks in soils with very few soluble materials and is mainly used in the production of metallic aluminum. Copper has been used for thousands of years and is mainly used in electrical cables, industrial machinery, roofing and plumbing. Helium is not reactive and is used to create an inert protective atmosphere in fiber optic and semiconductor manufacturing processes; it also detects leaks in air conditioning systems.
Soil is made up of many different particles, with nutrients helping plants to grow and also providing shelter. The importance of natural resources cannot be overstated; they are essential for our survival and well-being. Conservationism is key to ensuring that these resources remain available for future generations. Governments must take action to reduce pollution levels and promote sustainable practices that will help preserve these resources for future generations.